LEI 2011 - Light at Extreme Intensities
The Extreme Light Infrastructure (ELI) will be a laser facility of a scale never seen before. The first exawatt class laser in the world will be housed in a large research infrastructure to be built with a joint international effort. The facility will be dedicated to the investigation and to applications of laser matter interaction at the highest intensity level, i.e. more than three orders of magnitude higher than the state of the art.
In October 2009, only two years after project start, the ELI Preparatory Phase consortium made landmark decisions on the conditions of implementation of the project by deciding on the ELI site, one of the most important objectives of the preparatory phase. It was decided that ELI would be implemented as a distributed infrastructure with three sites to be commissioned by end 2015 in the Czech Republic, Hungary and Romania, complemented by a fourth one, the location of which should be decided in 2012. ELI will be the first research infrastructure of such a dimension to be located in new EU member states of Central and Eastern Europe, representing a very significant contribution to Europe's scientific and economic integration and cohesion.
The Attosecond Light Pulse Source (ALPS) in the city of Szeged, Hungary is designed to make temporal investigation of electron dynamics in atoms, molecules, plasmas and solids at the attosecond scale. The Beamlines Facility will be mainly focused on producing ultra intense and ultra short sources of electons, protons and ions, coherent and high energetic X rays (in Prague, Czech Republic, ELI-Beamline) as well as laser-based Nuclear Physics (in Magurele, Romania, ELI-NP). The fourth pillar devoted to Extreme Field Science, will explore laser-matter interaction up to the nonlinear QED limit including the investigation of vacuum structure and pair creation. The research activities will be based on a gradual development of the light sources starting from the current high intensity laser projects (APOLLON, Vulcan, and PFS) as prototypes to achieve unprecedented peak power performance, from petawatts up to sub-exawatt levels at the High Field Facility. This last step will depend on the laser technology development at the first three sites as well as at current high intensity laser facilities.
The LEI conference provides the scientific communities involved in various sub-fields of ELI with an opportunity of meeting and discussing the most important scientific achivements, theoretical predictions and site construction matters towards the implementation of the research infrastructures at the ELI sites of as well as the planning of the 200PW facility.
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